Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia as well as the 5th largest city in Australia. It is situated on the Adelaide Plains a little north of the Fleurieu Peninsula positioned about the bottom center of Australia using a map. Adelaide is a two-hour airline flight from Sydney and a 30-minute airline flight from Melbourne. It is probably most well-known for its various festivals as well as sports entertainment, its food and wine culture and its adjoining coast and mountains. It has a significant defence and manufacturing sector.

Adelaide was declared as a British settlement on 28 December1836. Before that the area around Adelaide has been populated by the indigenous Kaurna people and known as Tarndanyangga meaning the “place of the red kangaroo”. Adelaide was named in honor of Queen Adelaide, a consort to King William IV. One of the cities founding fathers, Colonel William Light, developed the city centre and chose its locale near to the River Torrens. William Light lay out the city center inside a grid design that had been interspaced by broad boulevards and larger public areas and flanked by parklands.

The initial settlers in Adelaide have been diversified and it became referred to as “City of Churches” due to the range of faiths and the churches that were constructed in Adelaide. The present quality of life shows that the city is consistently scored among the top 10 most liveable cities in the world. It is a well-liked visitor vacation destination along with a place to go for international students in Australia due to the well balanced standard of living with international education and learning establishments and its thriving local economic climate.

Since it is the South Australia’s government as well as a commercial centre, it is the location of several governmental and also financial institutions, largely concentrated in the city centre. The largest employment sectors are healthcare and social care, although manufacturing continues to be a substantial employer. The Adelaide Hills wine area is additionally an significant and an important economic region for Australia in terms of wine production and sales. Tourism is significant for the economic climate and it is a portal to popular places including Kangaroo Island and the wine areas of the Barossa Valley, McLaren Vale as well as the Clare Valley. Nearby places of interest in Adelaide are the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, Adelaide Central Market, Adelaide Oval and the National Wine Centre.

Adelaide is also well known for the sports teams and sports played with the primary sports enjoyed professionally in the state being Australian Rules football, football (soccer), cricket, netball, and basketball. Two Australian Football League teams: the Adelaide Football Club and Port Adelaide Football Club are located in Adelaide and also one A-League football team, Adelaide United. Presently there are a couple of professional basketball teams, the Adelaide 36ers playing in the men’s National Basketball League (NBL) along with the Adelaide Lightning which competes in the Women’s National Basketball League (WNBL). The Australian Formula One Grand Prix used to be held on the streets of Adelaide from 1985 to 1996 before transferring to Melbourne. Since 1999 the city and its surrounding areas have hosted the more and more popular Tour Down Under bicycle competition.